ABOUT MONGOLIA


 

General info of Mongolia

  • Brief information about Mongolia-the Country of blue sky

With a wonderful history, Mongolia was ruled by majestic Khan’s and the greatest of all is Chinggis Khan. Since Mongol Empire establishment, we have been listed as the 19th largest country in the world. Mongolians have nomadic lifestyle which is unique and rich with its tradition.

Facts:

  • Total area: 1,564,116 square kilometers
  • Located at 1,580meters above sea level
  • Total population: 3,081,677
  • Density: 1.97 square km
  • 2nd largest landlocked country
  • Approximately 30% of the population are nomadic
  • Religion: Buddhism 73%, Shamanism 4%, Christian 8%Islam 3%, Others
  • Language: Khalkhamongol /Mongolian/
  • Local currency: Tugrik /tugrug/
  • The standard voltage: 200 volts/50Hz
  • Country code: 976
  • Capital city: Ulaanbaatar

Mongolia is called country of eternal blue sky and vast steppes. Thus, you will have the chance to experience  historical places, beautiful wild nature, endangered animals and wildlife which you can only see in Mongolia

Useful information about Mongolia

Country of blue sky

Mongolia is landlocked country and neighbors with two majestic countries such as  Russian, China even though it does not share borders with Kazakhstan they are 36.76 km apart from each other. Our country is very rich with its unique landscape and beautiful sightseeing. Mongolia is famous as having vast steppes and its unique habitats such as endangered desert bear, wild horse or we say Mongolian zebra, snow leopard. While traveling you will have the chance to see the tomb of ancient khunnu people and rock paintings of bronze era. The snow capped mountains  and unique lakes and rivers that has own powerful meaning to the locals. When you arrive in Mongolia and travel by countryside and to the rural areas you will find nomadic culture starting from herders that taking care of the stock of cow, sheep, goat and even two-humped camels which give plenty of natural wealth. If you are interested in receiving unique cultural experience, then you have the chance to experience it in Buddhist nomadic culture and rich historical heritage.

Capital city of Mongolia- Ulaanbaatar

The modern nomadic capital is called Ulaanbaatar from Mongolian language, it will be translated as Red-Hero. Since 1921 capital city had become the symbol of the independence, freedom, the history of politics. Mongolia had other capital city called Khar Khorum as it was established during the 12th century by Great Chinggis Khaan.  During 1639-1921 the capital was moved 4 times and on the 29th of October 1924 Government adopted Ulaanbaatar city as its capital. 

Nomads and Culture

Nowadays, even though we are urbanized we cannot escape from the fact that we are nomads. Over 70 per cent of the total population live in traditional gers and close to 400,000 herders have more than 30 million livestock. The nature of nomads is to move from one place to another depending on the season. They have special lands inherited by their ancestors, suitable for the livestock to pass the winter, summer, autumn, spring times. You will see how does the nomadic family get along with their daily life as it is very simple during the summer times , but when it comes to winter time it is harsh as you have to take care of the livestock constantly, if they lack of attention you might lose them in cold snowy weather.

Modern nomads are well known by their rich heritage and well know to the world with its natural wealth and resources.